090 – Twilight of the Sardinian Judicates

Before finally getting on to the 14th century, we see how the end of the 13th marked the beginning of the end of the Sardinian Judicates, before of course going back to look at what they actually were.

089 – The “cannibal” count – an example of late 13th century Italian politics

We use the life, and gruesome death, of count Ugolino Della Gherardesca and the politics of late 13th century Pisa as an example of the general situation in the communes as well as touching on Sardinia.

088 – Twilight of the communes

Before saying goodbye to the 13th century, we take a quick tour of the peninsula to tie up some loose ends, such as the maritime republics, Piedmont and the situation with the communes.