080 – Frederick II’s boys and here come the French

We take a look at what happened to the sons of Frederick II, Conrad, Henry and Manfredi. In the case of Manfredi we see his rise to influence over almost all of Italy before it all came crashing down with the invasion of Charles of Anjou.

Crossover 2 part 2 – The fall of the Borgias

This is the second and last part of a collaboration with Assassinations Podcast on the notorious Borgia family. First Niall Cooper focuses on Lucrezia Borgia and then I follow the downfall of the short-lived dynasty.

014 – Carolingian Italy

We have a look at the system that Charlemagne set up in Italy, the administration, the economy and the educational reform. We also take a time to have a look at how the peninsula was divided up at this point and the ongoing relationship between the Frankish rulers and the popes of Rome.