We go back over around 50 years from the death of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II to beyond 1300 to retrace the steps of the kingdom of Sicily, the war of the Sicilian Vespers, the northern communes and maritime republics as well as looking over at Sardinia and keeping an eye as always on the papacy.
Before finally getting on to the 14th century, we see how the end of the 13th marked the beginning of the end of the Sardinian Judicates, before of course going back to look at what they actually were.
We use the life, and gruesome death, of count Ugolino Della Gherardesca and the politics of late 13th century Pisa as an example of the general situation in the communes as well as touching on Sardinia.
We take a look at some of the factors that made the 13th century the golden age of the communes such as trade and finance as the consular communes transformed into popular communes with early signs of the coming era of the “signorie” loomed.
In this episode’s sketch, we hear about some of the investing forms of insurance we managed to come up with,
We leave Henry II waiting for a moment to look at the increasing Saracen raids in the early 11th century before taking a look at the unique history of the Sardinian “Giudicati”.