055 – A new Roman Republic and a kind-of crusade

in the first half of the 12th century, with communes popping up like mushrooms, Rome wasn’t just gonna sit back and let them have all the fun. However, if there’s something about Rome, it’s that there is always a pope around.

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048 – Bye bye Byzantines -The end of Byzantine Italy part 2

In the second part of this miniseries we go from the time of king Rotari of the Lombards at the end of the seventh century to the fall of Bai and the end of the Byzantine presence in Italy.