090 – Twilight of the Sardinian Judicates

Before finally getting on to the 14th century, we see how the end of the 13th marked the beginning of the end of the Sardinian Judicates, before of course going back to look at what they actually were.

046 – Matilda of Tuscany, the iron countess of Canossa, part 2

We continue the story of Matilda of Canossa as  war breaks out with Emperor Henry IV. We then see yet another failed attempt at marriage, the end of the fight against Henry IV and how things went with his son and successor, Henry V while alone she tan one of the largest areas in Italy.

Below is a map of the lands over which Matilda ruled

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045 – Matilda of Tuscany, the iron countess of Canossa Part 1

We look at the life of Matilda of Canossa, starting from the history of her family through her childhood, the humiliation of Canossa and to the start of the war against Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV.

The episode brings together parts from previous episodes, adding some new details and considerations.