051 – Communes rising

We take a look at how a new form of local government, the Communes rose and gained their independence from the feudal powers that be,

 

Advertisements

048 – Bye bye Byzantines -The end of Byzantine Italy part 2

In the second part of this miniseries we go from the time of king Rotari of the Lombards at the end of the seventh century to the fall of Bai and the end of the Byzantine presence in Italy.

018 – A clear-up on kingdoms and back up the boot in the ninth century

We first cleat up the concept of the “Kingdom of Italy” and then make our way back up from the Arab Emirate of Sicily to look at the Principality of Benevento, the Duchy of Naples and the Duchy of Spoleto in the ninth century as the Carolingians do their thing up north.

 

 

Principati