Boniface VIII crushes the internal opposition of the Colonna, organises the first Jubilee, dabble in Italian politics including Florence and then clashes once again with Philipp IV of France, which seals his fate.
We use the life, and gruesome death, of count Ugolino Della Gherardesca and the politics of late 13th century Pisa as an example of the general situation in the communes as well as touching on Sardinia.
After defeating and beheading Corradino, the last obstacle between him and the throne of the kingdom of Sicily, Charles of Anjou settles down to govern his new kingdom… and make a mess if it, to the point that the island of Sicily rises up in one of the most important popular and successful rebellion in medical history, the Sicilian Vespers.
We take a look back at the negotiation and the dealings that brought Charles of Anjou into Italy. Then Marco Cappelli tells us about the last stand of Conradine of Hohenstauen at the battle that took place near Marco’s home town Tagliacozzo.
We take a look at how our communes are evolving in the 13th century with the whole messy Guelphs and Ghibellines business and have a look at the legend of how the factions were formed in Florence with the tragic tale of Buondelmonte dei Buondelmonti, a real soap opera, Florentine style.