We accompany the last set of popes of the middle ages, from Nicholas V to Innocent VIII as they take us along with the usual intrigue in the Italian peninsula with Naples,Florence, Milan and Venice as well as many others while the city of Rome takes the shape we would start to recognise today heading…
1166 – 1174 After the formation of the Lombard League of the communes of northern Italy a clash with Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa had become almost inevitable. Both sides now started to prepare for the confrontation that would decide the future of Italy.
1162 – 1167 We see how after sorting out Milan, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa also goes on to try and deal with pope Alexander III. Meanwhile, the communes start to learn that there can be strength in numbers, with the League of Verona in 1164 and the Lombard and Italic Leagues in 1167.