Podcast

040 – Half-time in the investiture controversy

The investiture controversy heats up with an anti-king elected in Germany and an anti-pope elected by Henry IV who then take the fight against Gregory and Matilde down into Italy with the Normans of Robert Guiscard waiting in the wings.

Christmas 2018 – Italian Christmas past and present and a Christmas witch

We have a look at important events in Italy on and around Christmas as well as explore the traditions, including that of the Christmas witch.

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039 – A sticky end and the humiliation of Canossa

We see how Godfrey the Hunchback of Lorain, husband of the countess Matilda of Canossa meets a rather nasty “end” and how the investiture controversy reaches a high point and slides towards war.