051 – Communes rising

We take a look at how a new form of local government, the Communes rose and gained their independence from the feudal powers that be,

 

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049 – Arrivederci Arabs, the Emirate of Sicily part 1

We take a look back at the Arab invasione of Sicily starting with the early raids in the seventh century, through the invasion of 827 up to the fall of the Aghlabids in the early tenth century.

048 – Bye bye Byzantines -The end of Byzantine Italy part 2

In the second part of this miniseries we go from the time of king Rotari of the Lombards at the end of the seventh century to the fall of Bai and the end of the Byzantine presence in Italy.